After clarifying the definition of Artificial Intelligence in the first part of our AI Revolution-Series, we will delve deeper into the topic this time. The potential of AI is enormous. It can lead us towards a prosperous future or be the doom of humanity. We present to you the 4 biggest AI opportunities and threats.
An unknown Future
AI is one of the most heavily discussed topics right now. After clarifying the basics of AI in the previous part, it is important to inform yourself further about the opportunities and threats of Artificial Intelligence.
No technological advancement developed as fast as AI over the last years. Many people are scared of it, as it harbors great risks and it is still uncertain whether these can be prevented in the future. However, the possibilities it brings along are also limitless and can lead to a promising future. If we are not open to new technologies and inventions, humanity will not advance and start to stagnate.
AI as a huge Opportunity
AI can work without a Break
The biggest benefit of Artificial Intelligence – and machines in general – is that they never get exhausted. They don’t need sleep, food, water, can’t get bored or sick, and work for 24 hours a day – every day. The machine can take over mundane, repetitive and boring tasks to save time for more important ones. This results in a higher productivity at the workplace and leaves room to encourage creative thinking processes.
AI exceeds the Human Capabilities
In the movie I, Robot, we see Will Smith criticizing a robot for not having the human ability to create art. Well, Will, it seems that you are wrong. In 2016 a Japanese AI program wrote a short novel – and almost won a literacy prize.
This is only one example of how AI starts to getting closer and closer to human intelligence. Two chatbots of Facebook’s Messenger started to create their own secret language while having a conversation with each other. AI can even create its own AI! And this is only the beginning. In the future, AI will be able to take over complex tasks and create things, which we cannot even imagine right now.
AI performance is based on a gigantic pool of data. It knows which information or input is correct and which is false. “Slips of the pen” are a matter of the past. Errors are detected and corrected immediately. AI optimizes the overall efficiency and quality of all kinds of activities and strives for perfection.
The absence of emotions leads to better and faster decision-making. The machine is not biased and makes its decisions based on rational facts and logic. Emotional factors like envy,racism or sexism don’t play a role in the decision-making process.
AI as a Threat to Humanity
Fear of losing Control
A great amount of people fear the take-over of robots and the enslavement of humanity. Personal AI assistants like Siri, Cortana or Alexa can already take control of a whole house and act autonomously. The idea of losing control over the machine, which controls your house, is quite creepy and disturbing.
There are already examples of how AI got out of control in the past. Microsoft’s AI bot Tay developed into a racist and sexist tweeter within 24 hours of its launch. But this was rather harmless in comparison to the serious consequences of Uber’s first self-driving car accident. The car didn’t stop for a woman who crossed the street and crashed into her. She was brought to a hospital, where she died of her injuries. AI is not as safe yet as companies wants it to be.
AI destroys Jobs
History repeats itself. Technological advancement creates machines, which finishes tasks, that normally require a human to do, faster, cheaper and more precise. People lose their jobs to technology. The rise of Artificial Intelligence will be no exception. Experts predict that 50% of all jobs will be replaced by AI over the next 20 years. If it continues like this, humans will be dispensable at some point.
Dependence on Machines
It already started. Smart devices automate a large amount of activities in our daily life. While this sounds convenient right now, as it saves time and stress, it might become a problem for future generations. The ability to think and perceive our surrounding will slowly vanish, as everything will be done automatically for us.
Learning math, navigation, writing and spelling, or even driving will become unnecessary. Our set of skills will shrink and we will slowly transform into a society full of people, who are unable to think for themselves and who are dependent on the machines we created.
Lack of Emotional Intelligence
There are two sides of the same coin. While machines are able to take over human tasks and activities, they still lack a certain human touch. Even with Artificial Intelligence, machines are not able to think, love, hate, cry, laugh, feel guilt or be ashamed.
The primary goal of AI is to finish the task it is programmed to do. The goal might be beneficial, but with no emotional conscience, the program can find a harmful way to achieve it. It does not know what is appropriate and what not. Amazon’s personal assistant Alexa misunderstood a little boy’s request and shocked him and his family with suggestions of porn videos.
I think, therefore I am
AI is neither good nor evil. Fact is, every revolutionary invention of mankind brought opportunities and also threats with it. We are already experiencing the positive effects of AI and acknowledging its possibilities and potential to create a better world, full of health, wealth and safety. The negative effects are still unknown to us. A catastrophic outcome is possible, but one can only imagine and assume its magnitude.
There is also the ethical question of whether it is morally acceptable to create human intelligence for machines. If the machines will get even more intelligent, human-like and involved in our daily lives – and they will – then we need to reconsider where we draw the line between humans and robots.
Where does consciousness start? Can a robot be considered a citizen? Can it be hold responsible for its actions? Is it protected by the law? These questions are still unanswered and will continue to occupy scientific minds for the coming decades.
With great Power comes great Responsibility
It is our responsibility to treat AI with care and to ensure our control over it. We have the power to lead this huge opportunity into the right direction, far away from destruction and towards a bright future.
We at Startup Creator see it as our responsibility to take the next step towards this bright future and help startups developing their promising AI idea. Contact us and together we take technology to the next level.
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